Scars and How You Can Help Heal Them by Hootan Melamed

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After any kind of injury to the body, a scar will form over it as a part of the healing process. A scar is merely a piece of fibrous tissue that “glues” the skin together after it has healed, because the human body cannot regenerate cells to perfectly replace those that were damaged after the injury.

Nevertheless, a scar is not threatening to your health, with the only apparent damage being purely cosmetic. However, there are many who find the physical appearance of a scar to be cosmetically displeasing, which is one reason why many would choose to undergo medical procedures to remove any traces of scarring.

There are three kinds of scars that you can have:

  • Keloid scars have the most severe appearance, occurring as a result of major trauma to the skin, usually after particularly large wounds. It occurs as a smooth protrusion that is bright red or bright pink in color, and it develops to become much larger than the original wound; which occurs because of “excessive” healing by fibrous, scar tissue. These scars can continue to develop for several months or years

  • Hypertrophic scars are milder versions of keloid scars, carrying a reddish-pink appearance and protruding above the skin. The main distinguishing feature of hypertrophic scars is that they do not extend beyond the boundaries of the original wound and will develop completely within four to eight weeks after the injury.

  • Atrophic scars or as they are more commonly called “acnescars”, are minor scars that almost always form from the forced removal of acne. They can take on a variety of appearances, from developing into deep “pits”, to carrying a strange, wave-like pattern.

Possible long-term effects

While the damage is purely cosmetic and carries no potentially long-term health complications, severe scars like keloids can still be itchy and painful long after they have formed. Moreover, at times, the formation of scar tissue carries the added effect of suppressing the function of sweat or sebaceous glands, which in turn can compromise how the body heat is regulated in these areas. Scars can also hinder body movement, depending on the severity of the scar growth.

The symptoms that keloids carry mirror those of skin tumors, so if nothing else, the scar could be taken for a physical examination to ensure that the growth is purely benign.

Treatments available from Hootan Melamed:

Should you feel that these scars are a problem in any way, there are a number of treatments available from Hootan Melamed. The most common ones for keloid and hypertrophic scars are:

  • Corticosteroid injections are used to reduce inflammation

  • Silicone treatment likewise may be used to control the size and color of the scar

  • Laser treatment to reduce the size of the scar or to remove it completely

  • Surgery can be done on most scars to remove them completely

However, keloid scars remain the most stubborn of all scars, with a very low success rate, making most scar-removal surgeries inadvisable.

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